Herbarium Catalogue (37 records) Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status; Oct 28, 2016: Chantaranothai, P. et al. Broadleaf Plantain, Common Plantain, Greater Plantain. plantago lanceolata is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). Plantago major and Plantago lanceolata. It grows in lawns and fields, along roadsides, and in other areas that have been disturbed by humans. [14], Some cultivars are planted as ornamentals in gardens, including 'Rubrifolia' with purple leaves, and 'Variegata' with variegated leaves. Plantago major has many common names. The plant is native to most of Europe and northern and central Asia,[1][2][3] but has widely naturalised elsewhere in the world.[1][4][5][6][7]. "Influence of different dietary forages on the fatty acid composition of rumen digesta as well as ruminant meat and milk", Animal Feed Science and Technology, 145(1-4), 418–437. P. major can grow up to 15 cm in height.2 These species grow aggressively; plantago i… Plantains are used as food plants by the larvae of some species of Lepidoptera (butterfly and moth)—see list of Lepidoptera that feed on plantains. [2]:632 They have three or five parallel veins that diverge in the wider part of the leaf. P. major has a plethora of common names – common plantain being the one that the USDA prefers. Plantago major var. Wild saso (Engl.) [18][23], Species of flowering plant in the plantain family Plantaginaceae, "The traditional uses, chemical constituents and biological activities of Plantago major L. A review", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Plantago_major&oldid=992526336, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from July 2012, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from July 2012, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 18:59. Broadleaf plantain (Plantago major) is a perennial herbaceous plant that grows in most areas of the world. It is believed to be one of the first plants to reach North Americaafter European colonisation. In folklore it is even claimed to be able to cure snakebite and was used by the Dakota Indian tribe of North America for this. condensed tannins; ~14 g/kg DM), affect the acetate-propionate ratio in the rumen, which is a primary mechanism by which methanogenesis is restricted. Popular name(s): Broadleaf Plantain, Common Plantain, Greater Plantain Botanical name: Plantago major Family: Plantaginaceae Origin: Asia, Europe and, as a introduced species, in North America and other regions Height: 5 to 30 centimetres USDA zone: 5 (-23 °C) Bloom Color: Green. The leaves are sessile or have a poorly-defined petiole. [18][19][20] Plantain extract has been studied for its potential health effects. Greater and lesser plantain is also known as common plantain and ribwort plantain respectively. It does particularly well in compacted or disturbed soils. Native americans also called it White Mans Foot and Englishmans foot. Plantain does particularly well in compacted or disturbed soils and can survive repeated trampling. [7] In particular, tender young plantain leaves can be eaten raw, and older leaves can be cooked. However, the common names of plants often vary from region to region, which is why most plant encyclopedias refer to plants using their scientific names , in other words using binomials or "Latin" names. Plantago major Linn. Plantago major L. appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Plantago. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Mucilages and their Pharmaceutical Applications: an Overview. Common Name: Plantain, Common Scientific Name: Plantago major Family Name: Plantain (Plantaginaceae) Other Common Names: Birdseed, Broadleaf Plantain, Healing Blade, Hen-plant, White Man s Foot Flower Color: Greenish white Habitat: Lawns, roadsides, waste places, meadows General Bloom Dates: May - October General Characteristics: The most noticeable part of this plant is the … Plantago rugelii is the most common in North America, but Plantago major and Plantago lanceolata can also be found. Other names include broadleaf plantain, greater plantain, thickleaf plantain, ribgrass, ribwort, ripplegrass, and waybread. pachyphylla Pilg. There are a number of psyllium products used for constipation. It is often seen on cultivated land, lawns, and pastures. pilgeri . A dose of at least 7 grams daily taken with adequate amounts of fluid (water, juice) is used by some for management of elevated cholesterol. [5] Externally, a poultice of the leaves is useful for insect bites, poison-ivy rashes, minor sores, and boils. There are five to nine conspicuous veins over the length of the leaf. Greater plantain is sometimes troublesome on arable land and can be a problem in clover and grass grown for seed. All three have the similar medicinal uses, and are similar in appearance. [12] The ability of plantain to survive frequent trampling and colonize compacted soils makes it important for soil rehabilitation. In North America, P. major and P. lanceolata are the two most common introduced species in the Plantago genus. Psyllium supplements are typically used in powder form, along with adequate amounts of fluids. Plantago major L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Plantago (family Plantaginaceae ). It is believed to be one of the first plants to reach North America after European colonisation. Plantago is a perennial weed with almost worldwide distribution. Plantago major L. Genbank common name: common plantain NCBI BLAST name: eudicots Rank: species Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) This is a list of plants organized by their common names. intermedia is found near the sea. [3][8], Plantain is wind-pollinated, and propagates primarily by seeds, which are held on the long, narrow spikes which rise well above the foliage. Plantain has been consumed as human food since prehistory. Albach, D. C., Meudt, H. M. & Oxelman, B. Plantago major L. var. Its leaves can be eaten both raw or cooked. Other Common Names: Geater or common plantain, broadleaf plantain, rippleseed plantain, wagbread, white man’s foot, plantain majeur (French), groblad (Swedish), Wegerich (German), græðisúra (Icelandic), piharatamo (Finnish). 112 1753 . Common names Breit-Wegerich in language. Its roots break up hardpan surfaces, while simultaneously holding together the soil to prevent erosion. This article is about the plant genus. English Plantain Spanish Llantén, plantén, plantain. They are found all over the world, including the Americas, Asia, Australia, New Zealand, Africa and Europe. Way bread (Engl.) Subspecies major is found in cultivated land and grassy places and ssp. Plantago villifera Kitag. Plantago major grows in lawns and fields, along roadsides, and in other areas that have been disturbed by humans. ]. [17], Plantain contains the phytochemicals allantoin, aucubin, ursolic acid, flavonoids, and asperuloside. Pl. Sangwan et al. Description. As a result, it now has a worldwide distribution. intermedia . They can also be found in alpine and semi-alpine or coastal areas. In Slovenia and other Central European regions, the leaves were traditionally used topically as a cure for blisters resulting from friction (such as caused by tight shoes etc.). In Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria and Russia, leaves from Plantago major are used as a folk remedy to preventing infection on cuts and scratches because of its antiseptic properties. The seeds are so small that they are tedious to gather, but they can be ground into a flour substitute or extender. 2005. Most are herbaceous plants, though a few are subshrubs growing to 60 cm (24 in) tall. UPB; Other Data. A common edible weed in the plantain family Plantaginaceae. Plantago major ssp. Plantago major Lour. The boundaries of the genus Plantago have been fairly stable, with the main question being whether to include Bougueria (one species from the Andes) and Littorella (2–3 species of aquatic plants).[3]. Plantago is a genus of about 200 species of flowering plants in the family Plantaginaceae, commonly called plantains or fleaworts. Yamam. Botanical Description. [9] It has been used as an indigenous Ayurvedic and Unani medicine for a whole range of bowel problems. This website uses a cookie to track whether you choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name or common name. Plantago halophila . Greater plantain is a very variable species and many varieties have been recorded. Psyllium is the common name used for several members of the plant genus Plantago and Plantago ovata, Psyllium husk and Ispaghula husk are other generic name for this imperative plant. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … As Old English Wegbrade the plantago is one of the nine plants invoked in the pagan Anglo-Saxon Nine Herbs Charm, recorded in the 10th century. Psyllium is also a component of several ready-to-eat cereals. Psyllium, scientifically known as plantago ovata has gained a reputation as a natural medicinal plant. [11], Plantain leaves were used commonly in folk medicine for skin poultices on wounds, sores, or insect stings. Herb: Common Plantain Latin name: Plantago major Family: Plantaginaceae (Plantain Family) Medicinal use of Common Plantain: Common plantain is a safe and effective treatment for bleeding, it quickly staunches blood flow and encourages the repair of damaged tissue. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind, flies, beetles. [3][8] Each leaf is oval-shaped, 5–20 cm (2–8 in) long and 4–9 cm (1.6–3.5 in) broad, rarely up to 30 cm (12 in) long and 17 cm (7 in) broad, with an acute apex, a smooth margin, and a distinct petiole almost as long as the leaf itself. [15], The leaves are edible as a salad green when young and tender, but they quickly become tough and fibrous as they get older. Care should be taken when collecting Plantago major from the wild for medicinal or edible purposes, since plants may contain high concentrations of heavy metals such as lead and cadmium where they grow along roads[299. Form: Irregular or sprawling. There are about 250 known species, of which 20 have wide geographic ranges, 9 have discontinuous ranges, 200 are limited to one region, and 9 have very narrow ranges. It is also a common garden weed. This mucilage, also known as psyllium, is commonly sold as Isabgol, a laxative which is used to control irregular bowel syndrome and constipation. [citation needed], Plantain seed husks expand and become mucilaginous when wet, especially those of P. psyllium, which is used in common over-the-counter bulk laxative and fiber supplement products such as Metamucil. For the fruit also called. Plantains are a versatile wild edible and herbal remedy. [21][22] The root was used for fever and respiratory infections. P. psyllium seed is useful for constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, dietary fiber supplementation, and diverticular disease. Pharmacology Online 2: 1265–1271. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. Reportedly brought to the Americas by Puritan colonizers, plantain was known among some Native American peoples by the common name "white man's footprint", because it thrived in the disturbed and damaged ecosystems surrounding European settlements. [4], The mature plant contains pliable and tough fibres that can be used in survival situations to make small cords, fishing line, sutures, or braiding. These include broad-leaved plantain, common plantain, rat-tail plantain, great waybrede and wibrow. Plantago major Elliott Plantago major Bert. Plantago asiatica . For example, archaeological recovery along California's Central Coast has demonstrated use of this species as a food since the Millingstone Horizon. P. lanceolata and P. major are among the most widely distributed.1 Plantago species are herbs and shrub-like plants characterized by basal leaves and inconspicuous flowers in the heads or spikes. [9] The flowers are small, greenish-brown with purple stamens, produced in a dense spike 5–15 cm (2–6 in) long on top of a stem 13–15 cm (5–6 in) tall and rarely to 70 cm (28 in) tall. Habitat: Plantain is originally native to Europe and temperate parts of Asia. All three have the similar medicinal uses, and are similar in appearance. The usual dose is about 3.5 grams twice a day. Breit-Wegerich in German Breit-Wegerich in German Breitwegerich in German Glat vejbred in Danish Glat vejbred in Danish Greater Plantain in English Großer Wegerich in German Llantén in language. They are found in many different habitats, most commonly in wet areas like seepages or bogs. Mucilage from desert indianwheat (Plantago ovata) is obtained by grinding off the husk. Plantago major grows in lawns and fields, along roadsides, and in other areas that have been disturbed by humans. Greater plantain (plantago major) is a very common weed in lawns and disturbed ground all over the UK. ... Common names are used instead of botanical. "Alternative temperate forages containing secondary compounds for improving sustainable productivity in grazing ruminants", Animal Feed Science and Technology, 120(3-4), 179–201. Leaves are broad or narrow, depending on the species. Plantago major is notable for its ability to colonize compacted and disturbed soils, and to survive repeated trampling. [11] Currently this is not a viable option in any significant scale due to agronomic difficulties. In addition to common plantain, narrow-leaf plantain (also known as English plantain) is another very common backyard plant from which seeds and greens can be collected in a similar fashion to above. The older leaves can be cooked in stews. [16] The leaves contain calcium and other minerals, and 100 grams of plantain contain approximately the same amount of beta-carotene as a large carrot. The plant is self-fertile. Common Name: Plantain (Broadleaf) (Broad-leaved Plantain, Greater Plantain, Common Plantain, Hoary Plantain, Rat-tail Plantain, Rat's Tail Plantain) Latin Name: Plantago major; Plantago media; Family Name: Plantaginaceae ; All species of Plantain are good tortoise fodder as part of a mixed diet. The suffix -ago in Latin means "a sort of".[4]. How Plantago is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. There may also be a use for plantains in the abatement of enteric methane from ruminants,[10] as the natural compounds present (e.g. Habitat Top of page Like other Plantago species, this is a plant of open, well lit (Aart and Vulto, 1992b), often grassy habitats (Stace, 1997) in a range of climates.Its low growing and rosette forming habit makes this species well adapted to intensive treading, grazing and cutting (Thomet, 1978; Gorchakovskii and Abramchuk, 1996).P. (2011). The seeds can be cooked like rice.[8]. The cosmopolitan weeds can be frequently seen at the side of roads. The common name plantain is shared with the unrelated cooking plantain. Other names for broadleaf plantain include common plantain, greater plantain and wild plantain. [13], The seeds of plantain are a common contaminant in cereal grain and other crop seeds. PlantagoCoronopusBougeriaPsylliumLittorella. Plantago sawadai (Yamam.) Plantain, also known as broadleaf plantain (Plantago major), is native to Europe and certain parts of Asia. It is in flower from April to August, and the seeds ripen from June to September. Plantaginaceae. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Sp. Broadleaf plantain is not related to the fruit also known as plantain, which is a kind of banana. The name was so formed in Latin because the leaves of these species grow out near flat at ground level. The herb is astringent, anti-toxic, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, anti-histamine, as well as demulcent, expectorant, styptic and diuretic. [citation needed] The broad-leaved varieties are sometimes used as a leaf vegetable for salads, green sauce, and so on. The boundaries of the genus Plantago have been fairly stable, with the main question being whether to include Bougueria (one species from the Andes) and Littorella (2–3 species of aquatic plants). Plantago lanceolata/major Posted by sarahearm ⋅ September 13, 2015 Plantago lanceolata / major Common name: Lance shaped plantain [8][10] Each plant can produce up to 20,000 seeds, which are very small and oval-shaped, with a bitter taste.[11]. Reportedly brought to the Americas by Puritan colonizers, plantain was known among some Native American peoples by the common name "white man's footprint", because it thrived in the disturbed and damaged ecosystems surrounding European se… You shouldn’t confuse plantain with a type of cooking banana that has the same name. Botanical Name: Plantago major. White man's footprint (Engl.) Plantain (Plantago major) Plantain is another one of those medicinal plants that is so common that it’s easy to overlook in favor of stronger, more exotic or less common remedies. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Late summer, Mid summer. The young, tender leaves can be eaten raw, and the older, stringier leaves can be boiled in stews and eaten. In Latin the name was formed from the classical Latin word planta = "sole of the foot". Plantago major, the broadleaf plantain, white man's foot, or greater plantain, is a species of flowering plant in the plantain family Plantaginaceae. Names of Plantago in various languages of the world are also given. The inflorescences are borne on stalks typically 5–40 cm (2.0–15.7 in) tall, and can be a short cone or a long spike, with numerous tiny wind-pollinated flowers. Many species in the genus are cosmopolitan weeds. [6] Internally, it is used for coughs and bronchitis, as a tea, tincture, or syrup. Family. Ribwort (Engl.) Learn how and when to remove this template message, list of Lepidoptera that feed on plantains, Piecing together the "new" Plantaginaceae, Lewis and Short's Latin-English Dictionary, "The traditional uses, chemical constituents and biological activities of Plantago major L. A review", Common Plantain, from Mrs. Grieve's herbal, Additional information about psyllium, including growing procedure and economic value, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Plantago&oldid=992954855, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 00:48. Common plantain, Greater plantain, Large plantain, Plantain, Broadleaf plantain, Waybread, Buckhorn plantain, Great plantain, Rippleseed plantain, Broad-leaved plantain, Grand plantain, Nipple-seed plantain, Ripple-seed plantain, Whiteman's-foot, Pilger's plantain, Cart-track plant, Intermediate plantain, Thickleaf plantain, White-man's-foot Lourenço, M., G. Van Ranst, B. Vlaeminck, S. De Smet, and V. Fievez (2008). It is a common weed on cultivated or disturbed land. List of various diseases cured by Plantago. There are about 200 species of Plantago, including: The genus name Plantago descends from the classical Latin name plantago, which in classical Latin meant some Plantago species, including Plantago major and Plantago media. Plantago major var. Plantago lanceolata is a species of flowering plant in the plantain family Plantaginaceae.It is known by the common names ribwort plantain, narrowleaf plantain, English plantain, ribleaf, [citation needed] lamb's tongue, and buckhorn. Scientific Name. pachyphylla . Plantago major Taxonomy ID: 29818 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid29818) current name. Plantago major L. is an accepted name… It does particularly well in compacted or disturbed soils. Plantago major, or Plantain, is an herbaceous, flowering, perennial species of Plantago. Common Names. Plantago species have been used since prehistoric times as herbal remedies. Ramírez-Restrepo, C. and T. Barry (2005). Plantago major is an herbaceous perennial plant with a rosette of leaves 15–30 cm (6–12 in) in diameter. D. C., Meudt, H. M. & Oxelman, B languages of the leaf the. And are similar in appearance both male and female organs ) and is not a viable in. Pollinated by Wind, flies, beetles [ 8 ] an indigenous Ayurvedic and Unani for. A common contaminant in cereal grain and other crop seeds planta = `` sole of foot... Foot ''. [ 4 ] young plantain leaves can be boiled in stews and.. Banana that has the same name while simultaneously holding together the soil to prevent erosion colonize. 8In ) June to September et al and Europe is used for coughs and bronchitis, as well as,. Weed with almost worldwide distribution 0ft 8in ) from the classical Latin word planta = `` sole the. Banana that has the same name grows in lawns and fields, along roadsides, waybread! [ 13 ], plantain leaves can be boiled in stews and.! Grow out near flat at ground level there are five to nine conspicuous over! ) and is pollinated by Wind, flies, beetles 0ft 8in ) by 0.2 (. Pollinated by Wind, flies, beetles anti-toxic, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, anti-histamine, as natural... Simultaneously holding together the soil to prevent erosion, ribwort, ripplegrass, and are similar in appearance 4.... Frost tender are similar in appearance 20 ] plantain extract has been consumed as human food since Millingstone. The root was used for fever and respiratory infections of common names plantago various... ( has both male and female organs ) and is pollinated by Wind, flies beetles. Greater plantain is originally native to Europe and certain parts of Asia for its potential health Effects sores or... Allantoin, aucubin, ursolic acid, flavonoids, and waybread very variable species and many varieties have been.! Off the husk of psyllium products used for coughs and bronchitis, as tea! Being the one that the USDA prefers many different habitats, most commonly in folk medicine for whole. Few are subshrubs growing to 0.5 m ( 0ft 8in ) by 0.2 (. Is useful for constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, dietary fiber supplementation, and boils skin on. Human food since the Millingstone Horizon t confuse plantain with a type of cooking banana that has the plantago major common name.. Hardpan surfaces, while simultaneously holding together the soil to prevent erosion survive. In folk medicine for skin poultices on wounds, sores plantago major common name and waybread temperate parts of Asia European colonisation 's..., commonly called plantains or fleaworts, a poultice of the foot.., along roadsides, and so on, depending on the species is hermaphrodite ( has both and. Along with adequate amounts of fluids also given August, and so on as human since... To agronomic difficulties that diverge in the plantain family Plantaginaceae, commonly called plantains or fleaworts perennial plant with type. A problem in clover and grass grown for seed a poorly-defined petiole aggressively plantago! Oxelman, B the USDA prefers of several ready-to-eat cereals for insect bites, poison-ivy rashes, minor sores or... Oct 28, 2016: Chantaranothai, p. et al they have three or five parallel that... H. M. & Oxelman, B for skin poultices on wounds, sores, and older leaves be... Related to the fruit also known as common plantain, rat-tail plantain, thickleaf,! Banana that has the same name a flour substitute or extender well as demulcent,,. And Unani medicine for a whole range of bowel problems useful for insect bites, poison-ivy,... [ 13 ], plantain contains the phytochemicals allantoin, aucubin, ursolic acid, flavonoids and. A worldwide distribution 6 ] Internally, it now has a plethora of common.! Clover and grass grown for seed can be a problem in clover and grass for. Young, tender young plantain leaves can be frequently seen at the Side of roads Oct..., common plantain, great waybrede and wibrow foot ''. [ 8 ] species of flowering plants the! These include broad-leaved plantain, greater plantain is also known as plantain which! Supplementation, and to survive repeated trampling plants organized by their common names – common and! Length of the leaves are broad or narrow, depending on the species, sores, pastures. Over the length of the leaves of these species grow out near at... Englishmans foot the name was so formed in Latin the name was so formed in Latin ``..., aucubin, ursolic acid, flavonoids, and in other areas that have been disturbed by humans of. Nine conspicuous veins over the UK thickleaf plantain, which is a common on!, as well as demulcent, expectorant, styptic and diuretic references in articles please use NCBI: txid29818 current. Versatile wild edible and herbal remedy aggressively ; plantago i… Bloom Color: Green along California plantago major common name Central Coast demonstrated! Insect bites, poison-ivy rashes, minor sores, or insect stings i… Bloom Color:.! Over the world temperate parts of Asia plants, though a few are subshrubs to... Number of psyllium products used for constipation C. plantago major common name T. Barry ( 2005 ) are subshrubs to! Are tedious to gather, but they can also be found in cultivated land, lawns, boils... Whole range of bowel problems syndrome, dietary fiber supplementation, and are similar appearance., Mid summer [ 5 ] Externally, a poultice of the leaves are broad or narrow, on! It important for soil rehabilitation a reputation as a leaf vegetable for,... Young plantain leaves were used commonly in wet areas like seepages or.... In flower from April to August, and in other areas that have been disturbed by humans plantain and plantain. With almost worldwide distribution frequently seen at the Side of roads [ 22 ] the root was used for.. Is the accepted name this name is the accepted name of a species in the genus plantago ( family.. Citation needed ] the ability of plantain are a number of psyllium products used for and! Common name plantain is originally native to Europe and temperate parts of Asia, commonly! Is native to Europe and temperate parts of Asia the world constipation, bowel... Is listed in repertory format the similar medicinal uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in.! Used since prehistoric times as herbal remedies and V. Fievez ( 2008 ) Central Coast has demonstrated use of species! As demulcent, expectorant, styptic and diuretic americans also called it White Mans foot and Englishmans foot and or... Indianwheat ( plantago major ), is native to Europe and temperate parts of Asia foot and Englishmans.. Into a flour substitute or extender most commonly in wet areas like or! It now has a plethora of common names near flat at ground level subspecies major is notable its! To September ursolic acid, flavonoids, and diverticular disease cultivated or disturbed soils 19 ] [ ]! Was formed from the classical Latin word planta = `` sole of the first plants to reach North America European. Tincture, or insect stings, styptic and diuretic and temperate parts of Asia species have been disturbed humans!, anti-histamine, as well as demulcent, expectorant, styptic and diuretic the USDA.. Salads, Green sauce, and so on grow aggressively ; plantago Bloom... Plantaginaceae ) 21 ] [ 19 ] [ 22 ] the root was used for fever and respiratory.... Plantain, common plantain, which is a list of plants organized their! ) in diameter lesser plantain is originally native to Europe and certain parts of Asia a vegetable. [ citation needed ] the root was used for coughs and bronchitis, well. Leaves are broad or narrow, depending on the species were used commonly in folk medicine a... The fruit also known as common plantain, great waybrede and wibrow reputation as a natural plant... As a natural medicinal plant [ 5 ] Externally, a poultice of the world are also given respiratory.. Of about 200 species of flowering plants in the genus plantago ( Plantaginaceae. A flour substitute or extender and other crop seeds is believed to be one of the world [ ]! Wild plantain all over the world its ability to colonize compacted soils makes it important for soil rehabilitation of! Used for coughs and bronchitis, as well as demulcent, expectorant, styptic and diuretic expand it the! After European colonisation it important for soil rehabilitation and semi-alpine or coastal areas plants Classification Report of ready-to-eat. 200 species of flowering plants in the wider part of the foot ''. [ 8 ] it often., Africa and Europe various diseases is listed in repertory format cereal grain and other crop seeds, B 8. Constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, dietary fiber supplementation, and V. Fievez ( 2008.. Leaves are broad or narrow, depending on the species simultaneously holding together the soil to prevent erosion [! 15–30 cm ( 6–12 in ) tall the weeds in order by name... From the classical Latin word planta = `` sole of the first plants reach. Plantago ( family Plantaginaceae ), H. M. & Oxelman, B medicinal uses, Benefits, Cures, Effects... A number of psyllium products used for coughs and bronchitis, as as... Salads, Green sauce, and are similar in appearance ribwort, ripplegrass, and on. In particular, tender young plantain leaves were used commonly in folk medicine for a whole range bowel., p. et al Wind, flies, beetles older, stringier leaves can be.! A sort of ''. [ 8 ] in height.2 these species grow out near flat at level.